Onderzoekers van het United States Holocaust Memorial Museum en mensenrechtenorganisatie Fortify Rights hebben een vernietigend rapport geschreven over de etnische zuiveringen op de Rohingya in Myanmar. Er bestaat een risico van genocide.

 

In Myanmar, het voormalige Birma, wordt de islamitische minderheid van Rohingya al jarenlang onderdrukt door de boeddhistische meerderheid. Sinds enkele jaren echter is de situatie flink verslechterd en wordt er ook geweld tegen de Rohingya gebruikt. Honderdduizenden mensen zijn op de vlucht geslagen. De regering van Myanmar bagatelliseert het geweld, waar ook het Birmese leger bij betrokken is, en laat geen buitenlandse waarnemers toe. Vandaar ook dat de opstellers van het rapport ‘They tried to kill us all’  niet met 100% zekerheid kunnen zeggen dat er een genocide plaatsvindt tegen de islamitische minderheid in het land, hoewel hier sterke aanwijzingen voor zijn.

Fortify Rights and the Simon-Skjodt Center continue to be gravely concerned about growing evidence of genocide against Rohingya Muslims in northern Rakhine State. Genocide is a crime that involves the intentional targeting of a community for destruction via one or more prohibited acts. To constitute genocide, one or more of the five enumerated prohibited acts must be committed (a) against a group on the basis of the religious, ethnic, racial, or national identity and (b) with the intent to destroy that group as such, in whole or in part. The facts laid out in this report demonstrate that state security forces targeted the Rohingya group with several of the enumerated acts in the law of genocide.

Further investigation would assist in determining the identity and specific intent of the perpetrators of crimes against Rohingya in northern Rakhine State. The Government of Myanmar has repeatedly thwarted or refused to support investigations into areas where clearance operations have happened. Regardless, the Government of Myanmar and the international community should not wait for a formal legal determination of genocide to take immediate action. The Genocide Convention requires that all states take action to prevent and punish genocide but leaves the details on how to do so to the states. The evidence available thus far should serve as the highest of alarms to leaders within Myanmar and the international community to prevent genocide and to protect people who remain at risk.

Thus far, civilian and military authorities in Myanmar have demonstrated a lack of political will to protect civilians at risk of or subject to mass atrocities. The crimes detailed in this report indicate a failure of the Government of Myanmar as well as the international community to properly protect civilians from mass atrocities. Military and civilian leaders in Myanmar, as well as soldiers and civilian perpetrators, may be liable for international crimes. Those responsible for crimes should be held accountable.

Without an adequate and immediate response to crimes perpetrated against the Rohingya and documented in this report, state-led violence in Myanmar will persist, impunity will reign, and dangerous and discriminatory policies will gain permanence. Concerted action is now required to eliminate the root causes of state-led violence, to bridge deeply divided communities, and to protect all civilians against future atrocities.

 

De democratische Birmese leider Aung San Suu Kyi, die ooit de Nobelprijs voor de Vrede kreeg, doet nog steeds niets om het geweld in haar land tegen de Rohingya te stoppen.

 

Aung San Suu Kyi zou haar Nobelprijs moeten inleveren